HOW AWARE ARE PATIENT ABOUT THEIR ILLNESS BEFORE PRESENTATION TO A GENERAL OUT-PATIENT CLINIC IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH-SOUTH REGION OF NIGERIA

Awareness of illness before presentation

Authors

  • Eguono Marian Ebereghwa Delta State University, Abraka , Nigeria
  • Omonigho Gloria Orhe Delta State University, Abraka
  • Blaise Ebiringa Anyanwu Delta State University, Abraka

Abstract

Background: Background: In recent times, the doctor is no longer the first source of contact for health problems. Health information can be obtained from different sources, which can influence perception of medical knowledge of an individual. The study assessed how aware are patients about their illness before clinical encounter, their preferred sources of health information and the reasons for their choice.

Methodology: A cross sectional study conducted at the Family Medicine Clinic, Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara, Nigeria. Participants, aged 18 years and above were recruited using systematic random sampling method. Interviewer administered questionnaire was used to obtain data. Data was analyzed using Statistical Product and Service Solution version 22. 

Results: The study recruited 225 participants with the mean age of 43.42 ± 15.33years, with more females (60.0%) than males (40.0%). Study found that 44.4% had an idea or knew something about their illness prior to consultation and 64.0% got the information from a doctor. Almost all (90.0%) the participants who knew something about their illness indicated that this influenced their decision to visit the health facility, as 72.0% reported better treatment as their reason for hospital visit while 16.9% opted for specialist opinion. Doctors were the most preferred source of health information (48.9%). This was followed by chemist/pharmacist (19.6%), nurse (9.3%) and internet (7.1%). An almost equal proportion of participants indicated easy access (44.8%) and reliable (40.0%) as the reasons for their preferred source of health information.

Author Biographies

Eguono Marian Ebereghwa , Delta State University, Abraka , Nigeria

Lecturer 1, Department of Family Medicine , Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria 

Omonigho Gloria Orhe , Delta State University, Abraka

Lecturer 1, Department of Family Medicine, Delta State University Abraka, Nigeria 

Blaise Ebiringa Anyanwu , Delta State University, Abraka

Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria.

Preferred source of health information

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Published

07-07-2024

How to Cite

Ebereghwa , E. M., Orhe , O. G., & Anyanwu , B. E. (2024). HOW AWARE ARE PATIENT ABOUT THEIR ILLNESS BEFORE PRESENTATION TO A GENERAL OUT-PATIENT CLINIC IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN SOUTH-SOUTH REGION OF NIGERIA : Awareness of illness before presentation. Annals of Clinical Sciences, 9(2), 158–166. Retrieved from https://acsjournal.lasucom.edu.ng/index.php/acs/article/view/190